The Broederbond was established in 1918, with membership open (by invitation only) to male Afrikaners of a particular political persuasion.
1944J.C. Smuts inH. GibbsTwilight in S. Afr. (1950) 202It is clear that the Broederbond is a dangerous, cunning, political, Fascist organization of which no public servant, if he is to retain his loyalty to the State and Administration, can be allowed to be a member.
1950H. GibbsTwilight in S. Afr. 201The history of the Afrikaner Broederbond (Band of Brothers) is one of the most fantastic of the 20th century.
1950H. GibbsTwilight in S. Afr. 201The mysterious organization called the Broederbond, whose members pursued their business in the darkness of intrigue and whose ambitions were served by a fanatical devotion.
1950D. ReedSomewhere S. of Suez 66The Broderbond, a band of brothers..of which General Hertzog said in 1935: ‘We now have to do with a secret political society accessible to and existing only for Afrikaans-speaking members, the moving spirits of which are out to govern South Africa over the heads of the English-speaking people among us.’
An exclusive (originally secret) organization promoting the economic and political interests of Afrikaners; AB; Bondnoun2 a. Also attributive.
Any exclusive grouping, especially one operating secretively and having a lot of power within a particular field or organization.
Hence Broederbondismnoun, the attitudes and actions of the Broederbond.
1960J.H. Coetzee inH. SpottiswoodeS. Afr.: Rd Ahead 68The bogy of Afrikaner-nationalism, Afrikaner-calvinism and Afrikaner broederbondism, always kept alive by the press and hammered on by political machinations.